Prescribing responsibilities include:
- improve patient care without compromising patient safety
- make it easier and quicker for patients to get the medicines they need
- increase patient choice in accessing medicines
- make better use of the skills of health professionals
- contribute to the introduction of more flexible team working across the health service
The development of non-medical prescribing within the health service enables suitably trained healthcare professionals to enhance their roles and effectively use their skills and competencies to improve patient care in a range of settings involving:
- management of long term conditions
- medicines management / medication review
- emergency/urgent care/unscheduled care
- mental health services
- services for non-registered patients e.g. homeless
- palliative care
Currently nurses, pharmacists, optometrists, physiotherapists, chiropodists or podiatrists, radiographers and community practitioners may undertake further professional training to qualify as non-medical prescribers.
Three types of non-medical prescribing
Independent prescribers are responsible and accountable for the assessment of patients with undiagnosed and diagnosed conditions and for decisions about the clinical management required, including prescribing.
- nurse and pharmacist independent prescribers are able to prescribe any medicine for any medical condition within their competence, including any controlled drug in Schedule 2,3,4 or 5 of the MDR 2002 Regulations, as amended
- optometrist Independent Prescribers can prescribe any licensed medicine for ocular conditions affecting the eye and surrounding tissue, but cannot prescribe any controlled drugs
- physiotherapists and podiatrists or chiropodists can prescribe any licensed medicine provided it falls within their individual area of competence and respective scope of practice as independent prescribers, but cannot prescribe any controlled drugs
Supplementary prescribers may prescribe any medicine (including controlled drugs), within the framework of a patient-specific clinical management plan, which has been agreed with a doctor.
Nurses, pharmacists, physiotherapists, chiropodists or podiatrists, radiographers and optometrists may train and register as a supplementary prescriber.
Prescribing by Community Practitioners from the Nurse Prescribers' Formulary for Community Practitioners
Community practitioners, formerly known as District Nurses and Health Visitors, are able to prescribe independently from a limited formulary comprising a limited range of medicines, dressings and appliances suitable for use in community settings.
What can Non-Medical Prescribers Prescribe?
Information about what non-medical prescribers can prescribe is detailed in the BNF. Refer also to the following advice issued by DoH.
Amendments to the Misuse of Drugs Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2002 introduced on 10 May 2012 allow a nurse independent prescriber and a pharmacist independent prescriber to prescribe controlled drugs.
Independent Prescribing by Physiotherapists and Podiatrists
Changes to legislation to enable the introduction of independent prescribing by physiotherapists and podiatrists or chiropodists were announced by the Department of Health on 24 July 2012 and 9 Jan 2015.
Information about training as a non-medical prescriber
Information on how to train as a non-medical prescriber.
- Nurse supplementary and independent prescribing
- Pharmacist supplementary and independent prescribing
- Optometrist supplementary and independent prescribing
- Allied Health Professionals supplementary prescribing
A Single Competency Framework for all Prescribers
Having previously published prescribing competency frameworks for each of the non-medical prescribing professions, it is now clear that a common set of competencies underpin good prescribing regardless of professional background.
This framework consolidates the existing profession specific prescribing frameworks and updates the competencies in order to provide a single common framework that is relevant to doctors, dentists and non-medical prescribers.
The framework can be used to help healthcare professionals prepare to prescribe and help prescribers to identify strengths and areas for development through self-assessment.
It is a generic framework which may be contextualised for application to specific clinical and professional settings